Ensayos no destructivos de los Materiales

 
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Velocidad del sonido en sólidos



Principle

The velocity of sound in acrylics shall be determined by time of flight reflection technique with an ultrasonic echoscope. The measurements are done by reflection method, on three cylinders of different length. Two measurement series are carried out with ultrasonic probes ...

 
Detalles

Num.Producto: P5160100

Ecografía con ultrasonido (A-Scan)



Principle

An ultrasonic wave transmitted in a sample will be reflected at discontinuities (defects, cracks). From the relationship between the time of flight of the reflected wave and the sound velocity, the distance between ultrasonic transducer and defects (reflector) can be ...

 
Detalles

Num.Producto: P5160200

Ecografía por ultrasonidos (B-Scan)

Principle

The fundamental principles concerning the generation of ultrasonic B-scan images (brightness representation of the reflection amplitudes) are demonstrated with the aid of a simple test ob-ject. The experiment is executed with an ultrasonic echoscope in the pulse-echo-mode and the ...

 
Detalles

Num.Producto: P5160300

Detección de discontinuidades

Principle
The experiment demonstrates the application and performance of various non-destructive test methods with the aid of ultrasound. A test object with different types of discontinuities is used to perform various detection methods. First, the test object is scanned in order to determine ...

 
Detalles

Num.Producto: P5160600

Tomografía computarizada ultrasónica

Principio

El experimento explica los principios fundamentales de la formación de imagen con un algoritmo CT. Un simple objeto de prueba se usa para crear una tomografía de atenuación y una tomografía de tiempo de vuelo seguido con una discusión de las ...

 
Detalles

Num.Producto: P5161200

Métodos básicos de visualización de micro y nanoescructuras con el microscopio de fuerza atómica (AFM)

Principio

Aproximando una punta aguda de silicona montada en un voladizo (cantilever) para tomar una muestra de una superficie se produce una interacción a escala  atómica. El resultado es que el voladizo se curva, lo cual se detecta con láser. En modo ...

 
Detalles

Num.Producto: P2538000

Patrón de difracción Debye-Scherrer con tres redes cúbicasde Bravais (geometría Bragg-Brentano)

Principle

Polycrystalline powder samples, which crystallize in the three cubic Bravais types, simple, face-centered and body-centered, are irradiated with the radiation from a Roentgen tube with a copper anode. A swivelling Geiger-Mueller counter tube detects the radiation that is ...

 
Detalles

Num.Producto: P2542101

Patrón de difracción Debye-Scherrer de muestras de polvoscon estructura de diamante (geometría Bragg-Brentano)

Principle

Polycrystalline powder samples, which crystallize in the three cubic Bravais types, simple, face-centered and body-centered, are irradiated with the radiation from a Roentgen tube with a copper anode. A swivelling Geiger-Mueller counter tube detects the radiation that is ...

 
Detalles

Num.Producto: P2542201

Patrón de difracción Debye-Scherrer de muestras de polvoscon estructura cristalina hexagonal (geometría Bragg-Brenta- no)

Principle

A polycrystalline powder sample of zinc is irradiated with the radiation from a X-ray tube with a copper anode. A Geiger-Mueller counter tube is automatically swivelled to detect the radiation that is constructively reflected from the various lattice planes of the crystallites. ...

 
Detalles

Num.Producto: P2542301

Patrón de difracción Debye-Scherrer de muestras de polvoscon estructura cristalina tetragonal (geometría Bragg-Bren- tano)

Principle

A polycrystalline powder sample of lead dioxide is irradiated with the radiation from a X-ray tube with a copper anode. A Geiger-Mueller counter tube is automatically swivelled to detect the radiation that is constructively reflected from the various lattice planes of the ...

 
Detalles

Num.Producto: P2542401

Patrón de difracción Debye-Scherrer de muestras de polvoscon estructura cristalina cúbica (geometría Bragg-Brentano)

Principle

A cubic crystalline powder sample is irradiated with the radiation from a X-ray tube with a copper anode. A Geiger-Mueller counter tube is automatically swivelled to detect the radiation that is constructively reflected from the various lattice planes of the crystallites. The ...

 
Detalles

Num.Producto: P2542501

Medición de difracción para la determinación de intensidadde reflejos de Debye-Scherrer en una muestra de polvo cúbica (geometría Bragg-Brentano)

Principle

A polycrystalline, cubic face-centered crystallizing powder sample is irradiated with the radiation from a Roentgen tube with a copper anode. A Geiger-Mueller counter tube is automatically swivelled to detect the radiation that is constructively reflected from the various lattice ...

 
Detalles

Num.Producto: P2542601

Difractometría Debye-Scherrer para el estudio de la textura de chapas laminadas

Principle

A polycrystalline, cubic face-centered crystallizing copper powder sample and a thin copper sheet are separately irradiated with the radiation from a Roentgen tube with a copper anode. A Geiger-Mueller counter tube is automatically swivelled to detect the radiation that is ...

 
Detalles

Num.Producto: P2542701

Espectroscopía con el detector de energía de rayos X

Principle

Various metal samples are subjected to polychromatic X-rays. The resulting fluorescence radiation is analysed with the aid of a semiconductor detector and a multi-channel analyser. The maxima of intensity of the corresponding characteristic X-ray lines are determined. The ...

 
Detalles

Num.Producto: P2544001

Resolución de energía del detector de energía de rayos X

Principle

Various metal samples are subjected to polychromatic X-rays. The resulting fluorescence radiation is analysed with the aid of a semiconductor detector and a multichannel analyser. The energy of the characteristic X-ray lines and their full widths at half maximum are determined. ...

 
Detalles

Num.Producto: P2544101

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